"Zarf" means envelope in Turkish.
"Fincan" means cup in Turkish.
Gold, silver, copper
Bone, ivory, carapace
A fincan is a small coffee cup, holding a volume of 2-3 fl ounces (60-90 mL), dating back to 1400 AD in Turkey. It does not have a handle.
A zarf is a holder for the fincan. It has three purposes. First, it protects the fincan - a zarf is made of stronger materials than the fragile fincan. Second, it prevents the hot coffee and hot fincan from burning your fingers. Third, it is decorative, with engraving or filigree or gemstones, because it is more visible than the captive fincan.
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